Discover the Albufera Natural Park Valencia. This ancient marine gulf, evolved into a freshwater lake, is one of the most important wetlands in Spain.
The formation of the Albufera lake occurred due to the collapse of approximately 30 kilometres of the coastal band between Valencia and Cullera. The Albufera has an irregular outline, with an approximate diameter of six kilometres at its widest part. It is connected to the sea by means of canals or waterways which can be opened or closed by means of floodgates to modify the volume of water in the lake.
The Albufera Natural Park Valencia biodiversity of the nature reserve allows a great variety of fauna and flora to thrive and be observed year-round. While once a saltwater lagoon, dilution due to irrigation and canals draining into the estuary and the sand bars increasing in size had converted it to freshwater by the seventeenth century.